Thyroid Cancer Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Thyroid Cancer Symptoms, Causes and Treatments  

Cancer begins when cells in your body start to grow out of the control.  Cells in nearly any area of your body may become cancer and may spread to other parts of your body. Thyroid cancer is an uncommon type of cancer which affects the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is butterfly shaped and is located in the center of your neck. It produces the thyroid hormones that regulate the way the body uses energy and that help the body work properly.  Thyroid cancer is most common in persons in their 30s & persons over the age of 60. Moreover, women are 2-3 times more expected to develop it than men.  Persons suffering from thyroid cancer can experience the several signs or symptoms. The most common Thyroid Cancer symptoms and signs include throat or neck pain, a lump or thyroid nodule, vocal changes, cough, etc.

Thyroid cancer is frequently treatable and in several cases may be treated completely. Although after it is cured, cancer may come back, sometimes several years after cancer treatment. So, here we provide the causes of thyroid cancer, thyroid cancer symptoms and treatments.

What are the Types of Thyroid Cancer??

Thyroid Cancer Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

The thyroid cancers are categorized according to the appearance of cancerous cells. In addition, the cancerous cells that appear like healthy cells are known as well differentiated cells. Moreover, the well differentiated cells develop at a slower speed than undifferentiated cells. The common thyroid cancers types include:

Papillary Carcinoma

It is well differentiated type of thyroid cancer. Papillary carcinoma is most frequently seen in women of childbearing age. Also,  it spreads slowly and it is extremely treatable.

Follicular Carcinoma

This is the second thyroid cancer type most likely to spread & recur. Also, the Hurthle cell cancer is one type of follicular cancer.

Anaplastic Carcinoma

Anaplastic carcinoma is the most serious type of cancer. It is uncommon and also difficult to cure. Moreover, it frequently affects persons over the age of 60.

Medullary Carcinoma

Medullary Carcinoma is another well differentiated type of thyroid cancers. Also, its affect thyroid C cells that produce the calcium controlling hormone calcitonin.

Thyroid Cancer Causes

Thyroid Cancer Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

The exact thyroid cancer causes are not known. However, there are many risk factors for thyroid cancers.

The Risk Factors for Thyroid Cancer includes

  • Family history of thyroid cancer or thyroid disease
  • Radiation therapy in your neck, mainly during childhood
  • Exposure of Radiation in childhood
  • A low iodine diet
  • Other thyroid conditions like an inflamed thyroid or goitre

Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid Cancer Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Early thyroid cancer has no signs and symptoms. As thyroid cancer developments, the thyroid cancer symptoms can occur.  A lump in your neck and neck swelling is frequently the early thyroid cancer signs.

Other common Thyroid Cancer Symptoms and Signs may include:-

  • Pain in the neck
  • Voice changes or unexplained hoarseness
  • Trouble breathing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Swollen glands in your neck
  • Frequent Cough

Treatments for Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid Cancer Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

There are different types of thyroid cancer treatments. The most effective thyroid cancers treatments will depend on the type and also stage of cancer you have.


  • Most thyroid cancers involve surgery to remove the thyroid gland. Furthermore, if the thyroid cancer is only 1 lobe of the thyroid gland, your doctor may choose for lobectomy. In this process, the doctor makes an incision in the neck to expose thyroid and then cuts out the affected lobe.
  • In addition, the most frequent thyroid cancers surgery is thyroidectomy.

Radiation Therapy

  • Radiation therapy can be used in combination with surgery to remove any cancer cell still left in your body. In this process, which is frequently used if the thyroid cancer has spread beyond thyroid gland, doctors cure the area with X-rays or another radiation type using either an internally placed device or an external machine.
  • Alternatively, the doctor can also use special radiation therapy known as radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy.


Several different thyroid cancers treatment involves taking medications. In hormone therapy, drugs are used to stop your body from making thyroid stimulating hormone.  This aid slows the development of cancer as well as prevents the thyroid cancers from returning after cancer treatment. In addition, chemotherapy is frequently used to prevent a thyroid cancer which has spread to other parts of your body.

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