causes of osteoporosis

Osteoporosis Causes symptoms and treatment option

What is osteoporosis???

Osteoporosis is medical situation in which your bone becomes brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, particularly because of hormonal changes or due to deficiency of vitamin D and calcium.  It affect strength of bone, Bone is made from tough, elastic fibers and gritty, minerals. Bone contains tissue and cells that make mould and take back up. But after the age of 35, bone start to lose certain amount of bone minerals and your bone become less strong and dense. If your bone has milder loss, then is osteopenia. So here is information about osteoporosis symptoms and cause, treatment of osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis Causes symptoms and treatment option

What are the causes of osteoporosis????

causes of osteoporosis

There is not any specific reason for osteoporosis. So doctor has found some risk factors which can raise the risk of osteoporosis.

Risk factor of osteoporosis

  • Deficiency of calcium
  • Family history
  • Ageing issue
  • Lack of hormones specially estrogen in women and androgen in men
  • Menopauses which reduce estrogen,
  • Deficiency of vitamin D
  • Weight bearing exercise
  • Age associated variation in endocrine function
  • Bone cancer, thyroid problem, genetic illness, corticosteroid and some medication

Early sign and symptoms of osteoporosis

causes of osteoporosis
  • Fracture: It is the most common Sing of osteoporosis. Fracture can occur with fall and also due to normal movement like stepping off a curb. Osteoporosis fracture can also be causes by strong sneeze or cough.
  • Height Loss: Loss of height also due to compression fractures in spine. It is one of most noticeable osteoporosis sign.
  • Back or Neck Pain: It can cause compression fracture of spine. It is too much pain due to collapsed vertebrae can pinch the nerves which radiate out from spinal cord. Symptoms of pain can be lower to higher pain.
  • Stooped Posture: Vertebrae compression can also cause slight curving of upper back. Stooped back is call kyphosis and more common as a dowager’s hump. Kyphosis can causes pain in neck and back and also affect breathing because of extra pressure on airway.

Osteoporosis treatment options: Treatments options for Osteoporosis including some medications treatment and therapy.  To prevent it you must do some weight bearing exercises, eat food which is high in vitamin D and calcium.

causes of osteoporosis

Medication: It is basic way to prevent bone loss. Bisphosphonates and Antibodies are most common medicine to prevent it.

  • Antibodies: Antibodies such as denosumab are related to protein involved in body’s function of bone reabsorption. It can slow bone reabsorption and keep bone density. Side effect of it are skin irritation, muscle stiffness, pain, spasms, fatigue, sweating and in some rare cases bone fractures.
  • Bisphosphonates: It is most common drug to treat it. Side effects of these drugs are acid reflux, nausea and stomach pain.

Hormone Therapy: For women during menopause, hormone therapy or hormone replacement therapy is treatment option. Side effects of this therapy are stroke, heart attack, breast cancer and blood clots. Below are the types of Hormone Therapy.

  • Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs).
  • Thyrocalcitonin
  • Parathyroid hormone (PTH)

Testosterone: It is treatment which is most recommended for men. In some cases this health issue in men is due to hypogonadism and it is condition of low male hormone testosterone level, so this therapy replace can used.

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