Sleep Apnea Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Sleep Apnea Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder that happens when a person’s breathing is temporarily interrupted during sleep. Person with untreated sleep apnea stop breathing frequently during their sleep, sometimes hundreds of times. This means the brain and the rest of the body cannot get adequate oxygen.  Sleep Apnea is not just feeling tired during the day or snoring, its serious medical condition. It not only affects your sleep but can impact your health as well as your quality of life. It is common among adults becoming more frequent in children. So here we provide the information about Sleep Apnea Symptoms and Treatments.

What are the Types of Sleep Apnea?

Sleep Apnea Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

1) Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA):

The most common form of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea, in which breathing is disrupted by an obstruction in the airways of the mouth, throat or nose.

2) Central sleep apnea (CSA):

It is occurs when the brain doesn’t send the signal to the muscles to take a breath and there is no muscular effort to take a breath.

3) Mixed sleep apnea:

It is occurs when someone has both types obstructive sleep apnea & central sleep apnea.

Sleep Apnea Symptoms:-

Sleep Apnea Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

The Sleep Apnea Symptoms occurs mostly during sleep, it can be difficult to identify them. The most common Symptoms of Sleep apnea include:

  • Loud snoring, this is frequently more prominent in OSA
  • Waking up with a extremely sore or dry throat
  • Day time Sleepiness
  • Episodes of breathing cessation during sleep observed by another persons
  • Problem staying asleep
  • Sudden awakenings accompanied by shortness of breath
  • Morning headache
  • Irritability, mood swings or depression
  • Problem with concentration, learning or memory

Causes of Sleep Apnea:-

OSA causes:

  • It is occurs when the muscles in the back of your throat relax. These muscles maintain the soft palate, the triangular piece of tissue hanging from the soft uvula, the tonsils, the side walls of the throat & the tongue.
  • When the muscles relax, your airway narrows as you breathe in and you cannot get an enough breathe in. This can lower the level of oxygen in your blood.

CSA causes:

  • It is a less common type of sleep apnea that happens when your brain fails to transmit signals to your breathing muscles. This means you make no effort to breathe for short time. You can awaken with shortness of breath or have tricky time getting to sleep.

Sleep Apnea Risk Factors:-

Sleep apnea may affect anyone, even children. Many factors increase your Risk of Sleep apnea:

Risk Factors for OSA:

  • Being male
  • Being older
  • Family history of sleep apnea
  • Excess weight
  • Neck circumference
  • Nasal congestion
  • Smoking
  • Use of alcohol

Risk Factors for CSA:

  • Heart disorders
  • Stroke
  • Being older
  • Using narcotic pain medications

Treatments of Sleep Apnea:-

Sleep Apnea Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Sleep apnea is a serious and common sleep disorder that needs to be treated. Treatment option for OSA may include:

Lifestyle changes: People with mild sleep apnea can only need to make some lifestyle changes such as smoking cessation, losing weight, and sleeping on their side instead of their back.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP): The device involves a mask over the nose, or mouth & nose, which uses air pressure to keep the throat, open during sleep.

Oral breathing devices or other devices such as nasal dilators that you wear at night

Surgery: Surgery is frequently only an option after other treatments have failed. If you have a deviated nasal septum, enlarged tonsils or a small lower jaw with an overbite causing the throat to be too narrow, surgery can be needed to correct sleep apnea.

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