Breast Cancer Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
After skin cancer, breast cancer is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in women. Anyone can develop breast cancer, and it’s still not clear what causes it. But, certain factors place you at a higher risk. Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that begins in the cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a collection of cancer cells that can develop into surrounding tissues to distant areas of the body. It is important to detect Breast Cancer Symptoms at early stage. The cancer occurs almost entirely in women, but it can also occur in men. So here we provide the information about Breast Cancer Causes, Warning Signs and Breast Cancer Symptoms.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer:-
Breast cancer can not cause any symptoms in its early stages. The tumor might be too small to be felt, but an unusually can be seen on a mammogram. If the tumor can be felt, the first Breast Cancer Symptoms is generally a new lump in the breast that was not there before.
The most common Sign and Symptoms of Breast Cancer may include:
- Breast or nipple pain
- Swelling of part of the breast or dimpling
- A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
- Change in the shape or appearance, size of a breast
- Bloody discharge from the nipple
- Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
- Changes to the skin over the breast
Causes of Breast Cancer:-
It’s not clear what causes breast cancer. It is known that the cancer occur when some breast cells begin growing abnormally. These cells divide more quickly than healthy cells & then begin to accumulate, forming a lump or mass. These cancer cells may spread throughout the breast & into lymph nodes or to other parts of the body.
However, there are several risk factors that are known to affect your chances of developing breast cancer.
Breast Cancer Risk Factors
Factor that are linked with an increased risk of breast cancer include:
- Being a woman
- Increasing age
- A Family history of breast cancer
- A personal history of breast cancer
- Inherited genetic mutations, like BRCA1 & BRCA2
- Radiation exposure to your chest as a teenager or young adult
- Beginning your menstrual cycle before the age of 12
- Starting menopause at an older age
- Never being pregnant
- Having your first kid at an older age
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Hormone therapy
Types of Breast Cancer
There are mainly two categories that reflect the nature of breast cancer:-
- Non invasive (in situ) cancer is cancer that has not increase from the original tissue. This is referred to as stage 0.
- Invasive cancer is cancer that has increase to surrounding tissues. These are categorized as stages 1, 2, 3, or 4.
The tissue affected determines the Breast cancer types:
Ductal Carcinoma is a cancer that forms in the lining of the milk ducts. This is the most general type of breast cancer.
Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC) is one type of breast cancer in the lobules of the breast. The lobules are where milk is produced.
Sarcoma is cancer in the breast’s connective tissue. This is an uncommon type of breast cancer.
Treatments for Breast Cancer:-
Depending on the stage and type of cancer, treatments can vary. Most breast cancer is cured with surgery, frequently along with further treatments to help rid the body of cancer cells.
The main Breast cancer Treatments are:
- Hormone therapy
- Biological therapy