Hydrogen Bomb statement by North Korea
North Korea has announced it had successfully carried out its first hydrogen bomb test, a move that had earned widespread condemnation from across the world. In the month of December, North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un hinted that his nuclear-armed state has developed a hydrogen bomb, a move that would signal a major step forward in its nuclear weapons capabilities. North Korea has already tested 3 atom bombs.
International condemnation was swift with neighbours South Korea and Japan decrying a gross violation of UN Security Council resolutions, while the White House said it was still studying the precise nature of the apparent test and vowed “respond appropriately”.
A hydrogen, or thermonuclear bomb, uses fusion in a chain reaction that the fission blast generated by uranium or plutonium alone.
What is a Hydrogen Bomb?
- A weapon where the nuclear fusion of hydrogen isotopes creates a rapid release of energy, developed in 1952 by the United States (US).
- Also known as a thermonuclear bomb, it can be much more powerful than atomic weapons that use fission.
- Such bombs can be as small as a few feet long and can fit in warheads of ballistic missiles.
Why Hydrogen Bomb is More Dangerous than an Atom Bomb?
- A Hydrogen Bomb is a much more powerful atomic weapon.
- The energy released in a Hydrogen bomb is several magnitudes higher than an Atom Bomb. Hydrogen bombs can devastate whole cities in one explosion.
- A Hydrogen Bomb derives its energy through the fusion of atoms. An Atom bomb derives its energy from fission.
- Nuclear fusion and nuclear fission are different types of reactions that release energy. In fission, an atom is split into two or more smaller, lighter atoms.
- Fusion, in contrast, occurs when two or more atoms fuse together, creating a larger, heavier atom.
- Hydrogen bombs use the fusion of hydrogen atoms, hence its name.
- A fusion bomb is more sophisticated and difficult to make, since it requires a much higher temperature in the order of millions centigrade.
- It is easier to make Hydrogen bombs in small size, so it is easier to place them in missiles.
- Hiroshima and Nagasaki both were atomic bombs and till date Hydrogen bombs have never been used in war.
- This is the 4th atomic test by North Korea and its first fusion bomb.
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