Melanoma Skin Cancer Symptoms, Causes and Risk Factors
Melanoma is one of the most dangerous types of skin cancer. It is less common than other skin cancer type, but it can spread to other organs of your body. Melanoma skin cancer develops in the pigment cells known as melanocytes. Most melanomas begin as a new skin development on unmarked skin. The growth can change shape, size or color. These kinds of changes are early Melanoma Symptoms. But melanoma may also develop in an existing mole or other mark on your skin. In women, melanoma is most frequently seen in the lower legs, while the most common place in men is the back. Moreover, blemishes, sores, unusual moles, marking, lumps or changes in the way an area of your skin looks or feels can be melanoma symptoms.
What are the Causes of Melanoma Skin Cancer??
The exact melanoma cause is not clear, but it’s usually linked with DNA damage resulting from exposure to UV (ultraviolet) light from the sun. In addition, limiting the exposure to ultraviolet radiation may help lower the risk of melanoma (skin cancer).
Risk Factors for Melanoma Skin Cancer
Some factors that can increase the risk of melanoma include:
- A family history of melanoma (skin cancer)
- A fair skin tone due to less melanin that means less protection from ultraviolet radiation
- Presence of many moles or unusual moles on your skin
- Poor immune system
- A history of sunburn
- Regular usage of lamp devices or tanning beds
- In addition, Persons with no risk factors or darker skin may also develop melanoma
Warning Signs and Symptoms of Melanoma Skin Cancer
Persons should keep in mind every single sign of melanoma and also should never ignore them. Early detection helps in the melanoma treatment. The melanoma (skin cancer) treatment options are chemotherapy, radiation, surgery, targeted and biologic therapies. So, here are some of the melanoma (skin cancer) signs and symptoms that you should never ignore.
Melanoma Signs and Symptoms
The early sign of melanoma skin cancer is a new mole appearing suddenly after the age of 21 which is asymmetrical. Most of the times a new moles of melanoma have an irregular outline and they are extremely bigger than 6mm & ¼ inch in its diameter.
New Pigmented Area
In begin of melanoma, some type of new pigmented area or splotch can also appear which is usually darker than the normal skin tone of the person. This is another one of the common signs of melanoma (skin cancer). Also, the darker skin area can be extremely small.
Changes in mole
Changes in shape, color, diameter or size of an existing moles, pigmented area or birthmark might also be a melanoma sign. In addition, it may increase in size & appear translucent, brown, pearly, tan, multicolored or black. Moreover, there might be symptoms such as bleeding, scaly appearance, and appearance of bump.
An open sore
An open sore or inflamed skin wound that doesn’t cure within 3 weeks might be early symptoms of skin cancer.
Change in Sensation
A particular spot or sore on your skin which continues to hurt, bleed, itch, crust, scab or erode must not be ignored. In addition, changes in sensation in the forms of pain, itchiness or tenderness may also be symptoms of melanoma (skin cancer).
An Unusual Skin Spot:
One of the most common melanoma skin cancer symptoms is an unusual skin spot that appears unusual from all of the other spots on the skin, which is called ugly duckling sign.
Melanoma Treatment Options
Melanoma can be treated if it is found in its early stages when it affects your skin. If melanoma has spread other parts of the body, it’s much harder to cure. The treatments for melanoma skin cancer include:
- Radiation therapy
- Targeted therapy