9 Leg Cramps Reason – Causes of Cramps in calves
Cramp in Muscles is a painful & strong contraction or tightening of a muscle which comes on unexpectedly and lasts from a few seconds to some minutes. It also occurs in the leg. A muscle cramp is also known as a charley horse. Leg cramp at night is generally unexpected spasms or tightening of muscles in the calf. General Leg Cramps Reason are practicing hard exercise for a long time, put you leg in awkward position to a long time like sit in a crowded theater, trauma to the muscle. Another reason for leg cramps is taking some medicine like birth control pill, steroid, and diuretics.
Main Leg Cramps Reason
Exercise for a long time is one the most common Leg Cramps Reason. Leg cramps occur due to the stress on your muscles, while you practicing exercise for a long time. Leg cramps also occur because of the reduction of the leg arteries. Due to narrow arteries, it reduces the flow of blood, which also decreases the oxygen flow to the leg muscles.
Lack of Minerals in body
Another Leg cramps reason is a deficiency of calcium, potassium and also magnesium in the blood. In some cases medicines such as diuretics, that used to cure the problem of hypertension, liver/heart/kidney diseases also impact by decreasing minerals.
Dehydration is also another cause of cramp in calves. A leg cramp occurs due to dehydration, as it reduces the level of salt in the body. Generally, this problem is found in the sportsmen and athletes. Sportsmen and athletes are dehydrated because of rigorous physical activity and also due to raised temperature.
Compression of Nerves
The compression of Nerves is also known as lumbar stenosis. The nerves in the spine get compressed, which cause the cramp such as pain in calf muscles. So, compression of Nerves is also one the Leg Cramps Reason.
A cold temperature is also one the main Reason for Cramps in calves. Low temperatures stiffen your muscles and also decrease the flexibility and due to this leg cramping is occur. Sometimes, when you go under to the swimming pool, it may cause a sudden spasm in the muscles.
When you sit in a poor posture in front of a computer like slouching, sleeping in an awkward position and standing a long time on a hard surface are also leg cramp causes.
Due to diabetes, liver and kidney problem
If the level of insulin is not sufficiently regulated in your body, then causes the build up of sugar into the blood, which is another reason for a leg cramp. In the same way, when your problem of liver or kidney due to any injury or health issue, the level of toxin in your blood will raises, which causes spasms.
During a pregnancy muscle cramps is very common. However, it increased at a time of second and third trimester. A leg cramp is occurring due to the pressure the uterus put on the same nerves that cause cramping. Pregnancy also changes the calcium and potassium level in blood, which also one of the legs cramp reason.
Some medication like nicotinic and statins acid, some birth control pills, raloxifene and also diuretics change spasms are also one of the leg cramps reason.
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