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Osteoporosis treatment option to treat osteoporosis 

Osteoporosis is medical situation in which your bone becomes brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, particularly because of hormonal changes or due to deficiency of vitamin D and calcium. It affect strength of bone, Bone is made from tough, elastic fibers and gritty, minerals. Osteoporosis treatment is very important for healthy bone. Bone contains tissue and cells that make mould and take back up. But after the age of 35, bone start to lose certain amount of bone minerals and your bone become less strong and dense. If your bone has milder loss, then is osteopenia. So here is information about treatment of osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis treatment options: Treatments options for Osteoporosis including some medications treatment and therapy.  To prevent it you also have to do some weight bearing exercises, eat food which is high in vitamin D and calcium. Below is the different Treatments for osteoporosis.

Most common Osteoporosis treatment

Medication for Osteoporosis treatment

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It is basic treatment to prevent Osteoporosis and also loss of bone. Bisphosphonates and Antibodies are most common medicine to prevent it.

1). Antibodies:

Antibodies such as denosumab (Xgeva, Prolia) are medicine for osteoporosis. These Drugs are associated with protein, which concerned in the bone reabsorption function of body. It can sluggish bone reabsorption and also manage density of bone. This medicine is available in the form of injection. You can get this injection at every six months. This medicine may have some Side effect.

Side Effect of osteoporosis medicine are listed below

  • Skin irritation
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Pain
  • Fatigue
  • Excessive sweating
  • In rare cases bone fractures

2). Bisphosphonates:

Bisphosphonates are most common osteoporosis medicine. This Bisphosphonates therapy include following

  • Alendronate (Fosamax): Generally people consume this medicine one time in week. It is an oral medication.
  • Ibandronate (Boniva): It is also an oral medicine and available in a monthly mode. You can also take it in the form of intravenous injection which you take four time in year.
  • Risedronate (Actonel): Doses of this medicine you can take every day or in weekly, monthly (bimonthly)
  • Zoledronic acid (Reclast): You can get this medicine in the form of intravenous infusion, which you have take every year or every two year.

This Osteoporosis treatment also has some side effects. So below is Osteoporosis treatment side effect.

  • Acid reflux
  • Nausea
  • Pain in stomach
  • In some case damage bone in jaw

Hormone Therapy for Osteoporosis treatment

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Women have more chances of osteoporosis that are postmenopausal women. Because development of estrogen will reduce during menopause and estrogen is very beneficial for healthy bone. For women during menopause, hormone therapy or hormone replacement therapy is treatment option. Generally doctors are not selecting this therapy because it raises chances of some health issue, which are listed below.

  • Stroke
  • Breast cancer
  • Heart attack
  • Blood clots

Basically three types of hormone therapy are available for osteoporosis treatment

  • Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs).
  • Thyrocalcitonin
  • Parathyroid hormone (PTH)

SERMs: This therapy rebuilds the estrogen bone preserving effects. For raloxifene or evista medicine is available and also patients have taken this medicine every day.

Thyrocalcitonin: This therapy is beneficial to improve the level of calcium in body. Generally doctors are use calcitonin or synthetic Thyrocalcitonin for patients who cannot take Bisphosphonates to cure spinal osteoporosis. Thyrocalcitonin also beneficial to reduce the pain, which some people have due to spinal compression fractures. Medicine for this is available in the form of injection or nose or nasal spray. Some people may side effects of nasal spray such as runny nose or bleeding in nose.

PTH (Parathyroid hormone): It helps to manage level of calcium and also manage level of phosphate in bone. Osteoporosis treatment by using Synthetic PTH such teriparatide is very beneficial to improve growth of new born.  Injection of these drugs is available with combination of vitamin D and calcium supplements.

Testosterone: It is treatment which is most recommended for men. In some cases this health issue in men is due to hypogonadism and it is condition of low male hormone testosterone level, so this therapy replace can used.

Change in lifestyle

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People who suffer from osteoporosis they include food which are high in calcium and vitamin D in their daily diet. It is beneficial to reduce the loss of bone. Patient must eat food which includes more amount of calcium such as dark green vegetables, soy products, dairy product,  grains and breads and also milk.

Do exercise and yoga for osteoporosis

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Patents of osteoporosis must do exercise which help to improve health of your bone. Physical activity helps to reduce loos of bone due to age and also improve density of bone. It also help to get better posture and balance, reduce the chances of falls.

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