Testicular Cancer Symptoms and Risk Factors
Testicular cancer is not very common cancers and tends to mostly affect men between 15 and 35 years of age. It occurs when malignant (abnormal) or cancerous cells form in the tissues of one or both of a young man’s testicles or testes. But it can also occur in older men. The testicles are the male reproductive glands located in the scrotum, which is the pouch of skin located underneath the penis. The testes produce hormone testosterone and sperm for reproduction. This cancer frequently starts with changes in the germ cells, which are the cells in the testes that produce sperm. Testicular cancer is sometimes called germ cell tumor. Testicular cancer is an extremely treatable and frequently curable type of cancer. But it is important to detect Testicular Cancer Symptoms at early stages. Regular testicular self examinations may help identify growths early, when the chance for successful Testicular Cancer Treatment is highest. So here we provide the information about
What are the Types of Testicular Cancer???
There are two main testicular Cancer types include:
- Seminomas and
- Non Seminomas
Seminomas are a type of testicular cancer that grows slowly. They are frequently confined to the testicles, but the lymph nodes can also be involved.
Non Seminomas are the more common type of testicular cancer. This type of cancer is faster growing & can spread to other parts of your body.
Testicular Cancer Causes:-
The exact causes of testicular cancer are unknown, but a number of risk factors have been identified that increase a man’s risk of developing it. The common risk factors are described below.
What are the Risk Factors for Testicular Cancer???
Factors are characteristics that increase your risk of cancer. Testicular Cancer Risk Factors include:
- Having an undescended testicle
- HIV Infection
- Having a family history
- Abnormal testicle development
- Body size
- Being of Caucasian descent
Testicular Cancer Symptoms:-
Here are the most common Sign and Symptoms of Testicular Cancer include:
Lump or swelling in the testicle:
The most common early Signs of Testicular Cancer is a lump or swelling in your testicles. The lump or swelling can be about the size of a pea, but might be larger. Some testicular tumors may cause pain, but most of the time they don’t. Men with testicular cancer may also have a feeling of heaviness or aching in your lower abdomen or scrotum.
Breast soreness or growth:
Although uncommon, some germ cell tumors can make breasts grow or sore. This occurs when certain form of germ cell tumors secrete high level of a hormone that stimulate breast development.
Early Signs of Puberty:
Some cell tumors can also produce male sex hormones. Male sex hormones producing tumors can not cause any specific sign in men, but in boys may cause sign of puberty at an abnormally early age like deepening voice & the growth of facial as well as body hair.
If the cancer has spread to other parts of your body, it may also cause many additional Testicular Cancer Symptoms including:
- Lower back pain – From cancer spread to the lymph nodes in the back of the belly
- Belly Pain – Either from enlarged lymph nodes or because the testicular cancer has spread to the liver
- Chest Pain, Cough or Shortness of breath can develop from cancer spread in the lungs.
- Headaches or confusion (due to the brain involvement)
- Tingling, numbness, or weakness in the extremities
Testicular Cancer Tests and Diagnosis:-
Your doctor may recommend use some tests to diagnose testicular cancer, including:
Ultrasound: A testicular ultrasound test uses to examine the internal structure of the testicles.
Blood Tests: Blood tests, known as tumor marker tests, which may show elevated levels of substances linked to testicular cancer such as alpha fetoprotein or beta human chorionic gonadotropin.
Imaging tests use sound waves, x-rays, magnetic field or radioactive substances to create images of the inside of the body.
If it is determined that the lump on the testicle might be cancerous, surgery to remove the testicle may be recommended.
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