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Fungal Nail Infection Causes Symptoms and Treatments

A fungal infection occurs when a fungus attacks a toenail, a fingernail or skin under the nail, known as nail bed. Fungi can attack your nails through small cuts in the skin around nail or through the opening between your nail & nail bed. Fungal Nail Infection is also known as onychomycosis.  Nail fungus is a most common condition that starts as a white or yellow spot under the tip of your toenail or fingernail. Nail fungus can cause your nail to thicken, discolor as well as crumble at the edge.  Toenails are more often affected than the fingernails. So here we provide the information about Fungal Nail Infection Causes, Symptoms and Treatment.

Fungal Nail Infection Causes:-

Fungal Nail Infection Causes Symptoms and Treatments
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There are several different Causes of Fungal Nail Infection, and every cause has a treatment of its own.  It can be caused by 3 different types of fungus.

Dermatophytes:

Dermatophytes are a type of fungus that can develop on the nails, skin and hair. The most frequent dermatophyte, trichophyton rubrum, causes most cases of athlete’s foot. The athlete’s foot may infect the toenails. You may get infected by contact with items have dermatophytes on them, like nail clippers, shower, clothing, shoes, nail files and locker room floors. Dermatophytes cause almost all toenail fungal infections.

Yeasts:

It is a type of fungus that develops on the nails and skin. They are usually present on the human body. Some things such as antibiotic or birth control pill use, illness, and immune system problems can allow an overdevelopment of yeast, leading to a yeast infection.

Molds:

Molds (frequently called nondermatophytes) are a type of fungus that usually produces in soil and can develop on the nails and skin.

Risk Factors for Fungal Nail Infection:-

Factors that may raise your risk of developing fungal nail infection include:

  • Being older
  • Have nail injury such as hangnail or an ingrown toenail
  • Wear shoes that make your feet sweaty or moist
  • Work or live in a hot, humid place
  • Having athlete’s foot
  • Having diabetes, poor circulation, a weakened immunity system, and Down syndrome
  • Walking barefoot in damp communal areas like gyms, shower rooms and swimming pools
  • Being male, mainly if you have a family history of nail fungal infection
  • Have a moist toes or fingers for an extended time

Fungal Nail Infection Symptoms:-

Fungal Nail Infection Causes Symptoms and Treatments
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Fungal nail infection frequently doesn’t cause any symptoms or signs unless the nail becomes so thick it causes pain when wearing shoes, walk or stand for a long time. Sign of fungal nail infection will depend on the type of infection. The two most frequent infections are both caused by dermatophytes.

Distal subungual onychomycosis: Its affects both the nail as well as the skin underneath the nail. Signs include:

  • A discolored & thickened nail that can separate from the skin under the nail.
  • Yellow streaks in the nail bed as well as on the underside of the nail.
  • A brittle, thickened and broken nail.
  • Build-up of pieces of skin and nail fragments under the nail.

White superficial onychomycosis: 

Fungal Nail Infection Causes Symptoms and Treatments
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It is a Fungal Infection of the Nail surface. Signs include:

  • Crumbly, damaged and gray or brown nail surface.
  • White spots or streaks on the nail.
  • Soft & powdery nail surface, because the infection gets worse.

Fungal Nail Infection Treatment:-

Treatment of Fungal Infection may not be needed in mild cases. For more severe or troublesome cases, antifungal medication can be recommended. Nail fungus Treatment includes using medicines & possibly removing the affected nail. Treatment frequently begins with antifungal medicines.

  • Antifungal gels, creams and nail polish can be used for mild to moderate fungal infection from returning. They can also treat athlete’s foot from spreading to the nails.
  • Antifungal pills are usually used for moderate to severe or hard to prevent nail fungus infection.
  • Removal of an infected nail is used for severe or recurring nail fungus infections. Nail removal is rarely necessary. It may be done without surgery or with surgery.

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