Thalassemia Symptoms, Causes and Treatments
Thalassemia is a group of inherited blood disorder in which the body makes an abnormal form of haemoglobin. The abnormality means that the affected red blood cells are unable to function properly, which leads to a red blood cell deficiency (anaemia). Red blood cells are vital because they contain a substance known as haemoglobin that carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.
In Thalassemia, haemoglobin production is abnormal, leading to anaemia & decreased oxygen carrying capacity. If your body does not receive enough oxygen, you will feel faint, drowsy, breathless & tired. The severity of Thalassemia Symptoms depends on the severity of the disorder. So here we provide the information about Thalassemia Symptoms and Treatments.
Types of Thalassemia:-
The two main Thalassemia types are alpha-thalassemia & beta-thalassemia.
- In alpha-thalassemia, at least one of alpha globin genes has an abnormality.
- In beta-thalassemia, the beta globin genes are affected.
Thalassemia occurs when there’s mutation or an abnormality in one of the genes involved in haemoglobin production. The mutations related with thalassemia are passed from parents to kids.
The abnormality that cause thalassemia disrupt the normal production of haemoglobin & cause low haemoglobin levels & a high rate of red blood cell destruction, causing red blood cell deficiency (anaemia).
If both of your parents are carries of thalassemia, you have a more chance of inheriting a more serious form of the disease.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Thalassemia:-
Sign of Thalassemia will depend on the severity of thalassemia you have.
Persons with thalassemia mainly have anemia like Thalassemia Symptoms include:
- Pale appearance
- Growth problems – not growing in height or putting on weight
- Frequent infections
- Cold hands & feet
- Shortness of breath
- Delayed puberty
- Too much iron
- Poor feeding
- Skeletal deformities
Alpha Thalassemia Symptoms:-
The majority of children with haemoglobin H are commonly healthy. Sign will range from mild to moderate anemia.
- Chest pain
- Shortness of Breath
- Pale skin
- Dizziness & feeling faint
- Cold hands & feet
Treatment depends on which type you have & how severe your condition is.
Some of the utilized Treatments for Thalassemia include:
- A bone marrow transplant (BMT)
- Blood transfusions
- Medications & supplements
- Possible surgery to remove the gallbladder or spleen
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