Risks of a Premature Birth
Pregnancy is a wonderful time for the mother, this time is also filled with many concern and anxiety over the health of her unborn child. Like any other medical process, childbirth also comes with its own complications & risks. One of the main risks that can arise during the process is the premature birth of baby. There are many Risks of a Premature Birth. A Premature birth is a birth that takes place more than 3 weeks before the infant is due. A premature birth is one that occurs before 37 weeks of development time in the womb. Normal, full term gestation (development time in the womb) is 37-42 weeks. Those last weeks in the womb are important for healthy weight gain & development of the infant’s important organs. Premature birth gives the infant less time to develop in the womb. Premature infants, mainly those born earliest, frequently have complicated medical issues. So here we provide the information about Premature Birth Complications.
Risks of a Premature Birth:-
The earlier an infant is born, the greater its risks of hearing loss, brain damage, developmental delays and blindness. The common Health Effects of Premature Birth is given below:
The common heart problems premature infants experience are PDA (Patent Ductus Arteriosus) & low blood pressure. PDA is a persistent opening between two blood vessels leading from the heart. While this heart defect frequently closes on its own, left untreated it may cause too much blood to flow through the heart & cause heart failure and other complications.
A premature infant may have difficulty in breathing due to an immune respiratory system. If the infant’s lungs lack adequate, a substance that allows the lungs to develop, he/she can develop respiratory distress syndrome because the lungs cannot develop & contract normally. Preemies can also develop chronic lung disease called bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Additionally, some preemies experience prolonged pauses in their breathing called apnea.
These are other most common Risks of a Premature Birth. Premature infant are at risk of blood related problems such as jaundice and anemia. Anemia is a common problem in which the body does not have enough red blood cells. While all newborns baby experience a slow drop in red blood cell during the 1st months of life. Baby jaundice is a yellow discoloration in a newborn infant’s skin & eyes that happens because the infant’s blood contains an excess of a yellow colored pigment from the liver.
Immune System Problems:
Immune system problems are also a common Premature Birth Risk Factors. An underdeveloped immune system, common in premature infants may lead to infection. Infection in a premature infant may quickly spread to the bloodstream causing a life threatening complication.
Another Health Issues of Premature Babies are abnormal metabolism. Premature infants frequently have problems with their metabolism. Some premature babies can develop an abnormally low level of blood sugar. This can occur because premature babies usually have smaller stores of glycogen than do full term infants & because premature baby’s immature livers have difficulty converting stored glycogen into glucose.
Hearing and Vision Problems:
Other most common Risks of a Premature Birth are hearing and vision related disorders, because these organs are under developed in them. The parents must get them checked in the early few days.
Another common Risks of a Premature Birth is brain problems. The earlier an infant is born, the higher the risks of bleeding in the brain called an intraventricular hemorrhage. Most hemorrhages are resolve with little short term impact. But some infants can have larger brain bleeding which causes permanent brain injury.
Behavioral & Psychological Problems:
Many premature infants suffer from psychological & behavioral problems during their childhood due to an underdeveloped nervous system. Some conditions such as ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), poor cognitive skills, etc.
It is a serious neuro- physiological disorders that affects the muscles as well as impairs normal movement. Premature infants are more prone to cerebral palsy disorder, because they have an abnormal blood flow & an under developed nervous system.
Temperature Control Problems:
Another common Risks of a Premature Birth includes temperature control problems. Premature infants can lose body heat rapidly; they do not have the stored body fat of a full term baby and cannot generate sufficient heat to counteract what’s lost through the surface of their bodies. If body temperature dips too low, hypothermia can result.
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