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Types of Birth Control you need to know about

Birth control is also known as contraception, which can help women prevent an unwanted pregnancy until you are ready to have a child. There are many Types of Birth Control. Some forms of birth control also help protect you from STD (sexually transmitted diseases). It is best to choose one that is right for you. It is very important to consider the advantages and disadvantages of every Types of Birth Control and choose the one most suited to your requires as well as lifestyles. Some Methods of Birth Control work better than others.  So here we provide the information about Birth Control Options & Methods.

Types of Birth Control

Hormonal Methods of Birth Control:

1) Birth Control Pill:

Types of Birth Control you need to know about
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The most common Types of Birth Control pill uses the hormones estrogen & progestin to stop ovulation.  This is a set of pills frequently taken each single day at the same time.

Advantages:

  • It is a reversible form of birth control
  • They make periods more regular & lighter
  • They ease acne
  • They lower risk of some cancers of the reproductive system

Disadvantages:

  • They don’t protect against STDs
  • They may cause some side effects like breast tenderness, headaches, stomach upset & bleeding between periods
  • Women with certain conditions can not be able to take the pill due to improved risk of a blood clot

2) Birth Control Patch:

Types of Birth Control you need to know about
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Women who have trouble remembering daily pill may want to consider the contraceptive patch. The birth control patch is a small patch you stick on the skin that releases estrogen & progestogen.

Advantages:

  • It is easier to use than pill and only needs to be changed once a week.
  • You don’t have to interrupt or stop sex to use it.

Disadvantages:

  • You have to remember to change it each week.
  • It doesn’t protect against STDs.
  • It can cause irregular bleeding.
  • It should not be used if you have a blood clotting disorder.

3) Vaginal Ring:

Types of Birth Control you need to know about
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The birth control vaginal ring is a small plastic ring a woman put into her vagina every month & releases hormones to prevent ovulation. Hormones are absorbed through the lining of the vagina.

Advantages:

  • It can clear up acne.
  • Periods can be more regular and lighter.
  • You don’t have to interrupt or stop sex to use it.

Disadvantages:

  • No protection against STDs.
  • It can cause vaginal irritation.
  • Women with certain conditions can not be able to use the vaginal ring due to improved risk of a blood clot.

4) Birth Control Shot:

Types of Birth Control you need to know about
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Another Types of Birth Control is shot. This is an injection of progestin hormone that is slowly absorbed through your body & stops any ovulation from leaving your ovaries. Each injection works for about 12 weeks.

Advantages:

  • Each injection lasts 12 weeks.
  • It decreases the risk of endometrial cancer.
  • Periods can be shorter in length & lighter in flow or you might not have a regular period.
  • You don’t have to stop sex to use it.

Disadvantages:

  • No protection against STDs.
  • It can cause irregular bleeding.
  • It can reduce the strength of your bones as it lowers your body’s natural estrogen levels.

Intrauterine Device (IUD) Method:

IUD:

Types of Birth Control you need to know about
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Another Types of Birth Control is Intrauterine device. This is a small, T shaped piece of plastic that is place inside a woman’s uterus by a doctor. You will need to select between one that contains copper or the hormone progestin.

Advantages:

  • It lasts up to 12 years (copper IUD) or up to 5 years (hormonal IUD).
  • You don’t have to stop sex to use it.
  • It’s totally undetectable during sex.

Disadvantages:

  • No protection against STDs.
  • It can cause irregular bleeding.
  • Increases the risk of pelvic inflammatory diseases.

Birth Control Implant:

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The birth control implant is a small flexible rod that is place under the skin of the upper arm by a doctor and releases progestogen to prevent ovulation.

Advantages:

  • It’s effective for up to 3 years
  • It’s convenient & private

Disadvantages:

  • There is the possibility of infection at the site of insertion.
  • Periods will change & bleeding can become irregular.

Barrier Methods of Birth Control:

1) Male Condom:

Types of Birth Control you need to know about
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The condom is most common Types of Birth Control. A thin tube of latex or other material that is unrolled over the penis to block sperm from entering the vagina.

Advantages:

  • This method is best protection against STDs.
  • Helps prevent pregnancy.

Disadvantages:

  • Can only used once.
  • May break if not used correctly

2) Female Condom:

Types of Birth Control you need to know about
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The female condom is a thin plastic pouch that lines the vagina and can be put in place up to eight hours before sex. Users grasp a flexible, plastic ring at the closed end to show it into position. It is somewhat less effective than the male condom.

Advantages:

  • This method is best protection against STDs and prevents pregnancy.
  • Non latex so can be used by people who have latex sensitivity.

Disadvantages:

  • Can only used once.
  • Need to insert female condom correctly before any sexual contact takes place.

3) Sponge:

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Another Types of Birth Control is sponge.  A small, soft form sponge is inserted into the vagina to cover the cervix. Sponge can be inserted any time before sex.

Advantages:

  • It is simply to insert and may be used for 24 hour period during which you can have sex multiple time.
  • No hormones or chemicals.

Disadvantages:

  • No protection against STDs.
  • Some persons are allergic to the spermicide in the sponge.

4) Diaphragm:

The diaphragm is a flexible rubber with a rigid rim that covers the cervix. It’s placed the vagina to cover the cervix to block sperm.

Advantages:

  • Inexpensive

Disadvantages:

  • No protection against STDs.
  • Cannot be used during your period due to a risk of toxic shock syndrome.

5) Cervical Cap:

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A soft, flexible covering that fits over the cervix to stop sperm from entering the uterus.

Advantages:

  • Inexpensive
  • Can stay in place for 48 hours.

Disadvantages:

  • No protection against STDs.
  • Cannot be used during your period.

6) Spermicides:

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These are chemicals that come in the form of creams, jellies, or foams that kill sperm. This is another common Types of Birth Control.

Advantages:

  • They can be used by women who breast feed or smoke.
  • They can provide lubrication during sex.
  • They don’t contain any hormones.

Disadvantages:

  • No protection against STDs.
  • They can cause allergic reactions in some persons if used more than twice a day.

Abstinence Method:

Abstinence is complete avoidance of sex. Abstinence is the only Birth Control Method that is 100% effective in the prevention of both pregnancy & the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.

Advantages:

  • 100% effective in preventing pregnancy
  • There are no health risks
  • No cost

Disadvantages:

It requires self control and provides no protection if you change your mind and decide to have sex.

Fertility Awareness Method:

Fertility awareness method is also called Natural family Planning (NFP). Fertility awareness is a Contraceptive Method that uses the natural functions of your body & menstrual cycle to decide ovulation.  This involves recording your basal body temperature & changes in your cervical mucus every day.

Advantages:

  • 75% – 90% effective with perfect use
  • No cost
  • Can be used to plan or avoid a pregnancy

Disadvantages:

  • Requires time & commitment
  • No protection from SIDs

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