Zika Virus – What you need to know about Zika
The Zika Virus is a mosquito borne diseases suspected of inflicting serious birth defects. Zika virus is flavivirus, closely linked with dengue fever. In individuals, it primarily causes a mild illness known as Zika, Zika fever or Zika disease. The Zika Virus is an alarming and disturbing infection that can be related to thousands of infants being born with underdeveloped brains. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has informed that Zika virus is spreading explosively in the Americas and that as several as 4 million people might be infected by the end of the year. Here’s what you need to know about the Zika Virus.
8 Things you need to know about Zika Virus:-
What is Zika Virus?
Zika virus is a viral diseases spread to persons through bites of infected mosquitoes. These are the similar mosquitoes that spread other viruses such as chikungunya and dengue. Mosquitoes become infected by feeding on infected people. Zika virus is transmitted mainly by yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti). Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) may also spread the virus.
Sign and Symptoms of Zika Virus:-
Many people do not have any sign and symptoms. It sign and symptoms do occur, they are frequently mild and last around 2-7 days. The Zika Virus Symptoms are similar to chikungunya and dengue and include:
- Skin rash,
- A mild fever,
- Aches and pains
Zika Virus Transmission:
Through Mosquito bites
- Zika virus infection is transmitted to persons mainly through the bites of an infected mosquito from the Aedes genus, generally Aedes aegypti in tropical regions. This is the similar mosquito that transmits dengue, yellow fever and chikungunya.
Rarely, from mother to baby
- A mother already infected with Zika virus infection close to the time of delivery may pass on the virus to her baby around the time of birth, but this is uncommon.
Possibly through infected blood or sexual contact
Zika virus is diagnosed through Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) & virus isolation from blood samples.
Where is it Found:-
Although the Zika virus has its beginnings in Africa dating back to the 1950s, it’s currently shown in a multitude of South American countries. It has been noticed mainly in Brazil, but there are some other countries impacted by this virus. Countries include Bolivia, Barbados, Colombia, Cape Verde, Dominican Republic, EI Salvador, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Honduras, Haiti, Mexico, Martinique, Paraguay, Panama, Puerto Rico, Samoa, Saint Martin, Suriname, the U.S Virgin Islands & Venezuela.
Zika Virus Prevention:-
Mosquitoes and their breeding sites pose a major risk factor for Zika virus infection.
Using insect repellent, Wearing clothes that cover as much of the body as possible, Using physical barriers like screens, and sleeping under mosquito nets are some of the prevention methods.
It is also required to empty, clean containers that can hold water like flowerpots or tyres, buckets, to prevent mosquito breeding.
Zika Virus Treatment:-
Zika virus disease is frequently relatively mild and requires no specific treatment. Persons affected with Zika virus should get a lot of rest, drink adequate fluids and cure pain & fever with common medicines.
Pregnant Women be Careful:-
Zika virus has been related to major birth defects as the virus can be transmitted from mother to foetus, or even to babies, although this is rare.
The Zika virus has been recognized in tissues from babies with Microcephaly in addition to fetal losses in women who were infected during pregnancy. The chances of the mother infecting the baby with Zika virus are slim. It’s possible for mothers who have infected to pass it to their baby newborn during delivery.
Microcephaly is a birth defect where an infant’s head is smaller than normal when compared to infants the same sex & age. Infants with Microcephaly frequently have smaller brains that may not have developed well.
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