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Flat Feet

Flatfeet or Pes planus, a Fallen Arch refers to change in foot shape in which the feet do not have a normal arch when standing. A common and generally painless condition, flat feet can occur when the arches do not develop during childhood. In other cases, Flat Feet are caused by injuries or illness, with running, walking or standing for long hours. Flat feet can sometimes contribute to problems in your ankles & knees because the condition can alter the position of your legs. So here we  provide the information about Causes of Flatfeet, Symptoms of Flat Feet, Flatfoot Treatments.

Types of Flat Feet:-

Flexible Flatfoot:

Flexible flatfoot is the most frequent type of the condition & generally doesn’t cause pain. If you have flexible type flatfoot, it has been present since childhood. The arch in your foot appears only when you lift them off the ground, and your soles touch the ground completely when you put your feet on the ground.

Short Achilles tendon:

If the tendon that attaches your heal bone to your calf muscle is too short, you may experience pain when running & walking. This condition causes the heel to lift rashly when the affected person is running or walking.

Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction:

This type of flatfeet is obtained in adulthood when the tendon that joins your calf muscle to the inside your ankle is swollen. Your arch doesn’t receive the support it requires, resulting in pain on the inside of the ankle, foot, and on the outside of the ankle.

Flat Feet Causes:-

The Flatfeet Causes is related to the bones and tissues in your feet & lower legs. A Flatfoot is normal in babies & toddlers, because the foot’s arch has not yet developed. Most people’s arches develop throughout childhood, but some individuals never develop arches.

Some children have flexible Flatfeet, in which the arch is visible when the child is standing or sitting on tiptoes, but disappears when the child stands.

In some adults, this tightening doesn’t occur fully, resulting in flatfeet. As some people age or sustain an injury, there the tendons in one or both feet can become damaged. The condition is also related with diseases such as muscular dystrophy & cerebral palsy.

Symptoms of Flat Feet:-

Most people have no symptoms or signs associated with flatfeet. But others may experience the following Symptoms of Fallen Arches or Flatfeet:

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  • Foot pain in the heels and arch
  • Swelling that occurs inside the ankle
  • Shoes do not fit correctly
  • Pain in the lower extremities
  • Heel tilt away from the body’s midline
  • Absence of arch when standing
  • Pain in the back and lower leg area

Flatfeet Treatments:-

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Flatfeet or Fallen arch only need to be treated if you have a related problem, such as pain and an underlying health condition.

Foot Support:

Supporting your foot is generally a first step in getting better from the condition. Your doctor may suggest that you wear orthotics, which is inserts that go inside your shoes to support your feet. For children, the doctor may recommend special shoes until their feet are fully formed.

Medication:

Depending on the causes of flatfeet, you can have sustained pain as well as inflammation. The doctor may recommend medication to decrease the discomfort from flatfeet or Fallen Arches Symptoms.

Lifestyle Changes:

Decreasing pain from flatfeet can involve incorporating some changes in your every day routines. For Ex, your doctor may advise a diet & exercise program for weight loss to decrease the pressure on your feet. You can be advised against walking or standing for prolonged periods.

Foot Surgery:

Surgery can be an option in more serious cases and is generally the last option. The orthopaedic surgeon can create an arch in your feet, repair tendons or fuse your joints or bones.

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