Bone Cancer – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments
Bone cancer is an uncommon cancer that starts in a bone and can spread to other bones as well as other parts of the body. Cancer starts when normal cells in the bone change and develops uncontrollably, forming a mass called a tumor. A bone tumor can be cancerous. A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning it may spread to other parts of the body. Bone Cancer may begin in any bone in the body, but it most frequently affects the long bones such as those in the arms and legs. So here we are provided the information about Causes of Bone Cancer, Symptoms of Bone Cancer, and Treatments of Bone Cancer.
Types of Bone Cancer:-
There are different Bone Cancer Types, with some affecting children while others occurring in adults. Bone cancer can be Primary or Secondary bone cancer. Primary bone cancers are the mainly serious of all bone cancers. They form directly in the bones or nearby tissue such as cartilage. Cancer may also spread from another part of your body to your bones. This referred as secondary bone cancer.
The most common Types of Primary Bone Cancer include:
Osteosarcoma is also called osteogenic sarcoma, and begins in bone cells. Osteosarcoma occurs most commonly in children, teenagers and young adults, in the bones of the leg and arm. Osteosarcoma can also start in the shoulders, hips and other locations.
Chondrosarcoma starts in cartilage cells. It usually occurs in the legs or arms, pelvis in middle aged & older adults.
Ewing’s Sarcoma is uncommon cancers that either starts in the soft tissues surrounding the bones or directly in the bones of children & young adults. The pelvis and the long bones of the body are usually affected.
Bone Cancer Causes:-
It’s not clear what causes bone cancers. But there are certain factors that can contribute to or increase a person’s chances of forming abnormal growth in the bone. These include:
Radiation therapy that kills dangerous cancer cells can be used to cure bone cancer. However, Osteosarcoma can form in some individuals who receive the treatment. The use of high dosages of radiation can be a factor in this treatment.
Abnormal Cellular Growth:
Healthy cells frequently divide & replace older cells. After completing this process they die. Abnormal cells, however, continue living. They begin forming masses of tissue that turn into tumors.
Bone Cancer Risk Factors:-
- Family history of cancer
- People who have received radiation therapy.
- Having Paget disease, a condition that causes the bones to break down and then develop back unusually.
- Persons with hereditary renoblastoma.
- Babies born with an umbilical hernia.
Sign and Symptoms of Bone Cancer:-
A Bone cancer Symptoms is something that only the person experiencing it can feel & know. The Symptoms of bone cancer may also caused by other health conditions. These include:
- Persistent bone Pain that gets worse over time & continues into the night.
- Swelling and redness in the affected area.
- Fatigued or Feeling tired
- Weight loss
- Broken bones
Bone Cancer Treatments:-
The Treatments for Bone Cancer depends on several factors like type of bone cancer, where it is located and health condition of the patient.
Chemotherapy involves use of chemicals to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy is most frequently given through a vein. The chemotherapy medications travel throughout your body. Chemotherapy can also be used in persons with bone cancer.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy uses high powered beams of energy such as X-rays, to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy works by damaging DNA inside the tumor cells, destroying their ability to reproduce.
Surgery to remove & replace damaged bone is an option to prevent cancers that spread quickly. For extensive bone damage in the legs or arms, elimination can be needed.
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